1. History of Zika Virus
Zika Virus is a fast-spreading disease affecting pregnant mothers which then results to birth defects with infants. This mosquito-borne disease is spread by a mosquito called Aedes Aegypti which is commonly found in places like Florida, Hawaii, Washington D.C, Chicago and New York. It was first discovered in 1947 through Uganda Monkeys but it later on spread by the South Pacific in 2007, causing several outbreaks that greatly affected Yap Island, Federated States of Micronesia.
Since the island is too small, the scientist wasn’t able to properly observe whether the virus was actually the cause of neurological damage. By 2014, the virus is affecting 23 countries in America. In 2016, Brazil health officials noticed a rare birth defect and the number of cases are pretty disturbing. It was Microcephaly. This disease results in abnormal size of newborn’s head. It was too small that the baby dies minutes after they are born. Brazil is the first country who experienced this rare disease and approximately 4,000 cases were reported which is obviously larger than the 150 cases reported last 2014.
2. What are the symptoms of Zika Virus?
Zika Virus produces common symptoms mostly mistaken as ordinary flu. These symptoms include fever, red eyes, joint pain, and rash.
3. What is Microcephaly?
Microcephaly is a rare disease mostly affecting newborn infants and it is mostly detected during the second trimester of pregnancy. Children with this disease mostly develop learning disabilities, developmental changes in their face and physical limitations.
4. What are the countries affected by Zika Virus?
Countries greatly affected by Zika Virus are Texas, Hawaii, Virginia, Arkansas, New York, California, Oregon, Florida, New Jersey, Massachusetts, and District of Columbia.
5. What is the possible cure of Zika Virus? Is it preventable?
There’s still no vaccine associated with Zika Virus but the World Health Organization is currently developing vaccine to fight against it.
6. What are the precautionary measures for pregnant women to avoid Zika Virus?
If you’re pregnant, avoid visiting places affected by Zika virus. Call your doctor once symptoms of this disease arise.
7. Could Zika Virus still affect U.S when the weather gets warm?
It is known that Zika Virus is prominent to countries with warm weather. So precisely, the living conditions in US will be less of a threat.
8. Can non-pregnant people get affected?
If you use birth control, you will not be affected with Zika Virus.